Need the motivation to tackle that long to-do list? Timeboxing can help you harness a sense of urgency and get things done, quickly and efficiently.
We've all heard it before; time is more valuable than money. After all, it's the one resource we can never make more of. As such, it's no surprise that there are so many productivity techniques out there to help us manage our own and our team's time, while tackling seemingly endless to-do lists. From using focus mode on your computer, to earning your place in the 5am club, there's probably a trick for every working day of the year.
But for a lot of people, these hacks still leave them struggling to get motivated, and then facing a huge rush to complete tasks before their deadlines. Why? Because of a psychological phenomenon that motivates human beings to reach whole new productivity levels under the shadow of a looming deadline, which they can't access during regular daily life.
If that sounds familiar, then the good news is you can harness this motivation and use it to take control of your to-do list. Let us introduce you to the world of timeboxing.
Timeboxing is a productivity and time management technique in which you set time limits for specific tasks. As Parkinson's law tells us, "work expands to fill the time available for its completion." This means that work progresses slowly when the deadline is far off, and a lot faster when the final countdown is ticking away.
The concept of the timeboxing approach is to allocate a fixed maximum amount of time to tasks in advance. Each fixed time period is known as a "time box." A time box has specific goals and deadlines attached to it. You work on the task during the allotted time, and once the set time is up, you stop working on it and move on to your next sprint.
Timeboxing can be used as part of your project management strategy for individual or project tasks. By applying these time constraints, we get the motivational benefit of a close deadline, procrastination is reduced, and productivity rises to the challenge. Timeboxing works to ensure you don't lose time, so each task takes its set time and doesn't stretch to fill the entire afternoon.
This time management system may sound new, but it was introduced in 1991 by James Martin in his book Rapid Application Development, as part of the agile software development technique.
Timeboxing and time blocking are similar, in that you reserve time for a specific task or activity. The difference in timeboxing is that you limit the time you spend on that activity.
In time blocking, you block periods for every item in your agenda. However, the time blocks don't always have specific goals and deadlines attached. Developing a marketing proposal, for example, might not be completed in a single time block, and work would continue in that activity's next allocated time block. The technique has provided you with guidance on when to do the task, but doesn't control how long you spend on it overall.
Timeboxing, on the other hand, specifically allocates a chunk of time to a particular task. In the example of the marketing proposal above, this might mean performing a competitor analysis in this specific two hours. By incorporating fixed time periods and clear deadlines, timeboxing can help ensure productivity as well as protecting your time.
The timeboxing time management technique has certain benefits over other time management methods. Here are some of the major ones.
It's easy to lose focus with the different distractions present at the workplace. One of the top benefits of using timeboxing is increased focus and self-discipline, which sets the stage for deep work.
By setting a timebox, you can commit to the task you set it for and it's easier to stay focused. This simple technique also prevents you from multitasking, which is not always an effective method when working on complex projects.
Not all items on your to-do list have the same level of importance. Traditional techniques can leave you prioritizing tasks by when they need to be completed, rather than how much of your time and mental resources they deserve.
With the timeboxing technique, you can plan and prioritize essential tasks by setting a strict limit on how much time they each get. This can keep you and your team energized and concentrated on the right priorities.
Perfectionist tendencies can be a blessing, but they can also lead to a lot of time spent chasing the perfect output on one task. Trying to come up with the perfect solution for a simple task can take an entire day when you get too deep into it.
Implementing timeboxing forces you to work within a fixed time frame and come up with a solution that may not be perfect, but is sufficient for the project needs at that exact moment.
As the team's productivity increases, it generates a sense of motivation which encourages the whole team to accomplish their tasks on time. Timeboxing helps team members communicate better and collaborate when roadblocks arise. It can also make it easier to measure individual performance, so staff can further improve their skills.
Timeboxing gives you a visual of the progress of each task and team member in a project. With timeboxing, your team gets more focused on their respective tasks and is aware of any potential blockers or delays that need to be addressed. In addition, it's an effective way to keep track of the project status and review the workload management strategy you have in place.
We're all guilty of spending too much time on specific activities and not having time for others. For example, how many meetings take longer than necessary (or perhaps didn't need a scheduled meeting at all)? You can limit each session to a 15-minute timebox, and make sure you stop once the set period is up.
Timeboxing doesn't just apply to working hours: you can use the technique to protect your break time, and to schedule events or tasks in your personal life as well.
If you're ready to implement the timeboxing time management technique, here's a simple 4-step guide to get you started.
As with sprint planning, the first step is to develop to-do lists for you and your team. Generally, any task can be time-boxed, but it's best to identify the critical tasks or projects that must be completed within a deadline. It's usually an unpleasant task that needs a timebox because neither you nor a team member is motivated to complete it. You also wouldn't want to spend much time doing the smaller tasks.
Once the crucial tasks are highlighted, you need to decide what needs to be accomplished within a given period. For example, if you have a long-term project, set the milestones and what needs to be performed daily and weekly.
As soon as you've set your goals, decide the start and end period for your tasks and the spending time for each task. It's best to use timeboxing for short work intervals throughout the day, and a strict deadline for each task must be implemented. This is a good time to integrate your workload planning techniques to ensure your tasks are distributed well within the team.
Now that you've set up timeboxing, ensure you and your team follow the timeboxes. Get your team together from time to time to discuss their performance, and don't forget to reward them for their consistent efforts to complete their tasks according to the timeboxes given to them.
If you're looking to get more out of your timeboxing, here are some top tips for adding to your success:
Timeboxing creates a visual image of your workload. It reminds you how much time you have to complete the current task. Distinguish the different tasks by setting different colors for types of work. Don't forget to set a timer, so you'll get notified when it's time to move on to your next task. As a project manager, ensure you inform your team members when it's almost the end of a timebox, so they'll know that they need to wrap up their current tasks.
It can help to differentiate whether a timebox is hard or soft.
A hard timebox applies to stand-alone tasks, which aren't related to the timeboxes either side. These usually have set periods of time that should not be adjusted. Once you finish the timebox, you can move on to an unrelated task.
A soft timebox is a part of a set of correlated tasks. As you complete each one, you move on to the next in the series. The workflow is continuous, and there is usually a little more flexibility in the cut-offs.
Working with sprints yields positive results when managing big and complex projects. According to the ultradian rhythm, our minds can entirely focus on a specific task for 90 minutes. You can set the length of your timeboxes differently for individual tasks, as long as you ensure that breaks are taken on or before the 90-minute limit is up.
As well as controlling what happens within the timeboxes, you need to ensure the time between time boxes is managed well. Ensure you and your team take short breaks in between by setting guidelines for downtime to prevent workload stress.
It's human nature to need motivation for challenging tasks, and successful timeboxing can help stir up our energy, while ensuring we don't lose track of time on a single task. As you start to implement timeboxing, and experience the many benefits it brings, remember to prioritize both productivity and balance.
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